as salamu alaykum. What happens for example if one remembers that they have to pray at the beginning of a prayer’s time, decides to pray after a few mins, and forgets but remembers after the end of the prayer time, how does the usulis’ view this? Is the person accountable?
Wa alaykum salam wa rahmatuLlahi wa barkatuHu.
As mentioned, in Rawdah and its asl, there is a sort of contention raised against rejecting the testimony of one who plays chess (other permissible activities are considered likewise) that distracts him for reason that it is finding one guilty of wrongdoing who was in a state of absentmindedness.
Zarkashi responded to that ishkal raised by Imam Rafi’i and confirmed by Imam Nawawi. Another who responded in a similar fashion is Siraj al-Din al-Bulqini.
In Tahrir al-Fatawi, Ibn al-‘Iraqi cited Bulqini who explained that one being in a state of absentmindedness is brought about by his own doing. After having missed prayers for a particular reason, one should be aware that doing such-and-such a thing in a certain way will lead to him missing the prayer. And thereby, one is committing a wrong by letting that happen.
Furthermore, Bulqini cited Imam Shafi’i on this, and in that citation there is a difference between one who does something he knows may make him miss the prayer and one who for example sits down for a moment while thought overtakes him and thereby he simply forgets. In the second case, one does not incur sin; while in the first, one does.
And Allah knows best.
Answered by Shaykh Yaqub Abdurrahman